Patanjali Yoga Sutra — īśvarapraṇidhānādvā||1.23||ईश्वरप्रणिधानाद्वा||

  1. Aparāvidya: The sciences which try to answer questions like, what, how and why are considered to be ‘Aparāvidyas’.
  2. Parāvidya: The science that tries to answer the question ‘Who’ is said to be Parāvidya.

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